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The terms listed below are commonly used in PDHPE and in HSC papers and may assist you in your studies throughout Stage 6 PDHPE and your HSC.

A
Account
An explanatory statement (oral or written description of particular events or situations).
Advocacy
A combination of individual and social actions aimed at gaining support and commitment for a particular goal or program.
Analyse
To examine in detail in order to discover meaning (or to breakdown into compounds).
Assess
Evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of

B
Blood borne viruses
Used to refer to Hepatitis B and C

C
Compare
To examine (two or more objects, ideas or people etc.) in order to note similarities and differences.
Critical approach
Proposing a range of solutions to the problems being studied. It may involve consideration of alternatives to practices that have been accepted or in place for extended periods of time.

D
Define
To state or set forth a meaning, to describe.
Demonstrate
To make evident or establish by arguments or reasoning, to describe, explain or illustrate by examples.
Describe
To tell or depict in written or spoken words, give an account of.
Determinants of health
The range of personal, social, economic and environmental factors that determine the health status of individuals and populations.
Discuss
To consider or examine by argument, comment, talk over or write about, especially to explore solutions, debate.
Distinguish
To perceive as being different or distinct.

E
Enabling
Action in partnership with individuals and groups, providing resources and support to empower them to promote and protect their health.
Epidemiology
Branch of medicing dealing with the incidence and prevalence of disease in large populations and with detection of the source and cause of epidemics of infectious disease.
Equity
Resources are allocated in accordance with the needs of individuals and populations with the desired goal of equity of outcomes.
Evaluate
To determine or to judge the significance, worth, or quality of.
Examine
To inquire into or to investigate (carefully).
Explain
To make know in detail.

F
FITT principle
A framework for developing fitness programs that emphasise the variables Frequency, Intensity, Type of exercise and Time or duration of exercise.

H
Health
A state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Health literacy
The ability to understand and interpret health information and services and utilise this information in ways that promote and maintain good health.
Health promotion
The process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health.
Health status
The health of an individual or population measured against an identifiable standard.

I
Identify
To recognise or establish as being a particular person or thing.
Intersectoral collaboration
Different sectors of society work together in a coordinated manner in order to tackle a particular issue or achieve an agreed outcome. The combined effort is more effective and the outcome more sustainable than the health sector working in isolation.
Investigate
To examine or study, examine in detail. To search out and examine the particulars of in an attempt to learn the facts about something hidden, unique or complex.

J
Jakarta Declaration
The declaration resulted from the World Health Organisation’s 4th International Conference on Health Promotion. The declaration raises new health challenges, affirms the Ottawa Charter action areas and establishes the following priorities:
  • Promote social responsibility for health
  • Increase investments for health development
  • Consolidate and expand partnerships for health
  • Increase community capacity and empower the individual
  • Secure an infrastructure for health promotion
Justify
To show (an act, claim or statement to be just or right). To show a satisfactory reason.

M
Mediation
The process of bringing different interests and parties together to a appoint of accepting solutions that promote health.

N
New public health approach
A model of health recognising the dual role of lifestyle and living conditions as determinants of health status. It involves establishing programs, policies and services that create environments that support health.

O
Ottawa Charter
The charter represents the views of the World Health Organisation’s First International Conference on Health Promotion. It outlines prerequisites of health and the importance of enabling, mediating and advocating for health. It outlines 5 essential actions for health promotion:
  • Build healthy public policy
  • Create supportive environments
  • Strengthen community action
  • Develop personal skills
  • Reorient health services
Outline
To give an outline of. To sketch the main features. (for example; on the first day, the professor outlined the course for us).

R
Reorienting health services
Moving the focus of the health sector towards health promotion, prevention and supporting the wellbeing of the whole person to complement traditional roles of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. The health sector is encouraged to also adopt a key role in coordinating other sectors to work for health.
Resilience
The process and capacity that allows individuals to successfully adapt to challenges in their lives. Resilience is related to the development of personal skills, such as social problem-solving, assertiveness, negotiation, social support accessing skills and a sense if connectedness.

S
Settings
Places or social contexts at which populations engage in daily life. These settings present as potential sites for health-promotion activity that targets the relevant populations.
Social action
Deliberate activity that is aimed at enhancing the wellbeing of others and oneself. Based on the theory that the nature of society is a product of individuals acting collectively. In the school setting this may include, for example, students participating in decision-making, developing peer support networks, or promoting drug free lifestyles.
Social construct
A concept that has meaning and shared understandings based on people’s ways of seeing, interpreting, interrelating and interacting.
Social justice
The distribution of advantages and disadvantage within a society.